Two thirds of earth’s surface is covered with water, however, just a part of it is appropriate for human consumption. On top of this, the world is experiencing water shortage nowadays. Some causes for this are: population growth; expansion of business activity, rapid urbanization, climate change, and depletion of aquifers.
Despite America possesses 30 % of the worlds water resource, in some regions
it is highly restricted, which means distribution of water resources is
It is also important to mention that water is an
essential resource for supporting stable socio-economic development. Latin
America, for instance, is one of the regions where economic growth has been
highly accomplished recently and there are projections that indicate that it
will continue growing(2).
thereby, it is also expected that the demand on water supply will increase.
In addition, there have been significant environmental changes recently in
terms of both natural impacts and societal challenges. Political leaders are
now consent in that the changes are a reality and that revised institutional
supports should be followed.(3)
Lastly, it is imperative to address (mention) that just a low percentage of
water has been treated properly. Therefore, the situation regarding on the
poor water treatment is severe especially in urban sectors, needless to say
water pollution in this region.
""….been included as a high priority agenda item at the Latin American and Caribbean Initiative for Sustainable Development (LACI), this topic is now one of the crosscutting themes in LACI
affairs, given its influence on the alleviation of poverty, environmental
protection, health, and the struggle to attain economic growth…"(4)
Water Resources Management in Latin America and the Caribbean, 2003,
World Economic Outlook, 2010, IMF
Regional Policy Dialog for Latin America and the Caribbean, Version:
the main challenges that can be identified are: people’s relatively low
perception about the importance of water resources compared to those in
developed countries, which might lead to apathetic participation; overall
educational lack in the member states, which makes it hard for the water
agencies to make a cooperative framework with local institutions; raising
funds for operation and maintenance, financing infrastructure and
institutional development; water law reforms, other institutional
innovation, stakeholders’ participation.
Given the lack of consciousness to preserve water resources, the main goal of the project is
to disseminate-promote information and knowledge on Integrated Water Resources
Management (IWRM) among young leaders of the member states, which lead to a new water culture in the society.
To achieve this, it’s necessary to arouse the importance of integrated water
resources management amid policymakers, educators and youth, and to drive
adequate reactions among policymakers who can back up with reformed
institutional systems. The final purpose, consequently, is to make water
workshops/seminars/trainings, persistent in each member states and keep this
Studies conducted throughout decades show that growing poverty in Latin America is mainly due to lack of education. In recognition of the connectivity between resources and its management, it can be said that improvement in education will increase the income opportunities and benefit the environment.(5)
"As our understanding of the interactions between water management and society develops, it becomes increasingly evident that the past focus on developing infrastructure has overlooked the need for a strong knowledge base and capacity to plan, manage and use that infrastructure and enable proper governance of the water sector. Today, there is a growing consensus that knowledge and capacity in the water sector is a primary condition for sustainable development and management of water services." (6)
attention to both, current water issues and preparation for future
challenges, this project pursues the whole range of educational levels
categorizing it as three groups: potential policy makers, educators and
trainers, and young generations.
educational frame will be structured in a way that it can deal with various
aspects of the issues based on two themes, i.e., innovation and
collaboration. A core component of this project is
There will be
approximately 35 water activities across 33 countries of member states.
Every activity intends for participants to get fully involved in the program
in order to promote the generation of innovative and collaborative ideas.
Education for Teachers (WET)(7)
is performing its role successfully for global water education. This will
provide a substantiated program for water education, especially for the
youth and educators. The International Hydrological Program (IHP)(8) is well
a established water program within the UN-UNESCO. With its highly accumulated hydrologic resources (information and
knowledge), it will support the education for both policy makers and the youth.
Sustainable Development of the Organization of American States (DSD/OAS), in
partnership with institutions such as the United Nations Environment
Programme (UNEP and UNESCO), the World Bank, and the Global Environment
Facility, Integrated Water Resource Management of Department of Sustainable
Development (IWRM/DSD) acts as a regional executing agency for various water
resource management projects being conducted in transboundary, multi-country
river basins and aquifers in the Americas.