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Hazard Mitigation & Vulnerability Reduction Plan
Jérémie, Haiti

A Programme to Mitigate the Impacts of Natural Hazards
Photo Inventory

Note: the electronic version of this report is divided into four parts. This page is the fourth part and contains the photo inventory. The other three parts are the executive summary, the main body of the report and the appendices.

Plate 1: Berquier

Rue P. Barrique intersects the main Berquier gully and is prone to flashflooding. The Berquier gully is a major thoroughfare and during times of high rainfall this area is impassable. The gully rises up to ~1 metre above floor levels (bottom), resulting in flooding of homes.

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Plate 2: Madam Codo

In the lower sections of the gully (near Rue Martineau), Madam Codo poses the threat of flashflooding. However, in the upper sections of the gully (near Rochasse) dangerously rapid rates of riverbank erosion is the main threat. Sediment eroded from here clogs the drains and exacerbates the flooding in Rue Martineau.

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Plate 3: Upper Berquier

Erosion of riverbanks is sever along the upper Berquier gully, where crops such as bananas, yams and coconuts are cultivated.

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Plate 4: Cote De Fer

Erosion results from high volumes of overland flows over soft, erodeable sediment. Here it poses a major threat to homes.

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Plate 5: Soil Erosion

In Bordes, Rochasse and St. Helene, erosion is a major problem. Lack of vegetative ground cover and high overland flows exacerbate erosion and results in the blockage of culverts. Erosion near Rue de la Paix threatens to undercut the house foundations. In cases like this, the slope must be stabilised by a retaining wall.

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Plate 6

The coastal communities between the wharf and La Pointe are low-lying and extremely vulnerable to coastal flooding and high winds.

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Plate 7: Jeremie

Top to bottom: the beach at Versailles (note concrete revetments); Brouette and Mackandal (Rue A Huet is on the far left and the Foyer Culturel and cemetery can be seen); coastal communities around La Pointe (note the wharf); Caracoli can be seen in the foreground.

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Plate 8: The mouth of the Grand Anse from the air

An extensive sand bar has developed in front of the mouth. This bar, as well as the beach in front of Versailles are extensively mined for sand, which is used for brick-making and mixing cement.

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Plate 9: Plaine Gebeau

The floodplain of the Grand Anse is cultivated, although relatively sparsely populated.

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Plate 10: Drainage

Soil erosion and deforestation in the upper catchment, as well as inadequate infrastructure result in high rates of sediment build up in the drains in the town. The practice of building concrete covers for the drains impedes routine cleaning.

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Plate 11: Mackandal

This is one of the fastest growing spontaneous settlements of Jeremie; foundations are continuosusly being laid (middle). In other, older areas like La Source (bottom), there is also evidence of on-going contruction.

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Plate 12: Foundations

Many areas like Cote de Fer have houses with dirt floors (top); others have slightly elevated stone foundations (middle). Building materials are usually weak and construction techniques poor. Brick houses (bottom) are not as sturdy as they could be.

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Plate 13: Walls

Materials used for walls vary from sheeting materials (bamboo screes, plastic, cardboard) to wattle and daub (middle) and concrete or brick (bottom). Non-brick houses are typically found in the low-income, peripheral communities like Cote de Fer, La Digue, etc.

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Plate 14: Roofing

The typical roofing material used in Jeremie is galvanised zinc sheets. Thatch roofs are less common. Note: the house in the bottom photo shows how concrete is used with wood to construct the wall.

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Document links: Executive Summary, Sections 1-3, Appendices and Photo Inventory